line and staff organization

Staff groups support those engaged in the central productive activity of the enterprise. These specialists stand ready with their specialty to serve line mangers as and when their services are called for, to collect information and to give help which will enable the line … LINE AND STAFF ORGANIZATION . Privacy Policy, Similar Articles Under - Organizing Function. Thus, staff groups create the infrastructure of the organization. His contributions to SAGE Publications's. The direct relationship is prevailing between the sub-ordinate and immediate superior.5. According to this type of organization, the authority flows from top to bottom in a concern. The functional specialists are added to the line in line and staff organization. The line-and-staff organization combines the line organization with staff departments. They provide technical information, advice, and opinions. These theories view decision-making power as flowing from a unified command structure. Staff managers and line managers are distinguished on the basis of their role. Line and Staff Organization - Free download as Powerpoint Presentation (.ppt / .pptx), PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or view presentation slides online. Staff groups provide analysis, research, counsel, monitoring, evaluation, and other activities that would otherwise reduce organizational efficiency if carried out by personnel in line groups. Line and staff organization is the organization structure, in which there is a normal departmentation of the regular business operations, and there is the functional specialist to perform specialised activities. Although line and staff may operate at different levels of an organization, all positions are defined relative to their line or staff function. This is the case for staff specialists who monitor and report on line performance. Line and staff functions have built-in inherent conflicts that management has to reconcile to have a smooth-running organization. In some cases where the business fails to meet its objectives, line employees can blame their actions on the advice they received from staff positions, or staff employees can blame line … In this article, we will talk about a line organization. In manufacturing, line groups engage in work related to production. Line organization is the most oldest and simplest method of administrative organization. We are a ISO 9001:2015 Certified Education Provider. The whole organization is divided into different functional areas to which staff specialists are attached. Line and Staff Organization– Types of Staff, Functions of Staff Authority, Advantages and Disadvantages. This is where we come up with a perfect combination to avoid these limitations, i.e. Line Positions Line positions in a company are those that have the responsibility and authority for achieving the major goals of the corporation. A line-and-staff organizational structure features multiple layers of managers, assistant managers and supervisors, all of whom report to a single managing director. According to this administrative organization, specialized and supportive activities are attached to the line of command by appointing staff supervisors and staff specialists who are attached to the line … Human resources, information technologies, and finance are infrastructural functions. The principle of line-staff organization introduces flexibility into hierarchical lines of authority while trying to preserve a unified command structure. In a line and staff organization structure, both the line managers and the staff have their own important roles to play. The term was first...…. Line-and-staff organizations combine t he direct flow of aut hority present within a line . In line organization, authority flows from the top to the bottom. 3. Line-staff organization, in management, approach in which authorities (e.g., managers) establish goals and directives that are then fulfilled by staff and other workers. Welingkar’s Distance Learning Division Introduction o Organisation is designed on the basic of principles of labour and span of management. Corrections? The line executives are generalists and staff executives are specialists and they work … Staff and line are names given to different types of functions in organizations. Authority, the exercise of legitimate influence by one social actor over another. A form of organization structure which combines functional subunits with staff officers in line functions Explanation of line-and-staff organization A "staff function" supports the organization with specialized advisory and support functions. Line organization has direct vertical relationship.2. A line-staff organizational structure attempts to render a large and complex enterprise more flexible without sacrificing managerial authority. Persons with specialized knowledge are appointed to help line officers. Differentiating line and staff functions is straightforward in that it involves identifying the beneficiaries of the activity, product, or service. Staff personnel facilitate the activities of line personnel. Line groups have final decision-making authority regarding technical organizational purposes. Flexibility: Staff can be added to the line and new activities may be introduced without disturbing the line procedure. However, as organizations grow in scope and complexity, they need to be flexible in the extent to which coordination and control are centrally applied. According to this administrative organization, specialized and supportive activities are attached to the line of command by appointing staff supervisors and staff specialists who are attached to the line … Merits of line and staff organization structure: 1. Line and staff organization is a modification of line organization and it is more complex than line organization. Characteristics of line organization are listed below.1. Some positions are primary to the company's mission, whereas others are secondary—in the form of support and indirect contribution. In the service sector, the line group is responsible for its customers. Line functions include sales, marketing, production, and distribution. Typically, work is carried out in accordance with specialized functions, and authority is exercised in a hierarchical manner. Efficiency can be achieved through the features of specialization. Find out information about line-and-staff organization. Staff Assistants- P.A. Staff is basically advisory in nature and usually does not possess and command authority over line mangers. Its purpose is to support and advise line department and to have an availability of technical specialists. The line functions also generate revenue for the organization. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Personal Secretary to the Managing Director is a staff official. The departmental head has full authority to manage and control of that department.3. However, studies indicate that although line-staff innovations may preserve the appearance of formal line authority, staff groups, particularly specialized staff, often in effect assume decision-making responsibilities because their lines of communication to upper management are shorter. This naturally leads to power struggles between line and staff. Omissions? These divisions don't exist in every organization, but are mainly in large organizations. They may be able to authorize certain activities, and they might compile reports that help with decision-making.This type of organizational structure works best for companies in specialist fields. The power of command always remains with the line executives and staff supervisors guide, advice and council the line executives. to Managing Director, Secretary to Marketing Manager. According to Allen, “Line refers to those positions and elements of organisation, which have the responsibility and authority and are accountable for the accomplishment of primary objectives. The line and staff sales organization is often found in large and medium sized firms, employing substantial numbers of sales personnel, and selling diversified product lines over wide geographic areas. Line and staff organization is a modification of line organization and it is more complex than line organization. In a highly centralized structure, decisions are made by a few executives or managers and flow downward through the enterprise. Line workers are on the front line of a business, handling the core corporate functions while staff workers play a support role and handle the behind-the-scenes work. However, conflict may arise between line and staff authority. We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. A line-staff organizational structure attempts to render a large and complex enterprise more flexible without sacrificing managerial authority. Line groups are engaged in tasks that constitute the technical core of the firm or the subunit of a larger enterprise. Staff Supervisor- Operation Control Manager, Quality Controller, PRO. By modifying organizational hierarchies to include staff functions, organizational capacity for processing information is increased without sacrificing lines of authority. According to this administrative organization, specialized and supportive activities are attached to the line of command by appointing staff supervisors and staff specialists who are … https://www.britannica.com/topic/line-staff-management. It forms a chain of command or hierarchy of authority on scalar principles. This always includes production and sales, and sometimes also marketing. Updates? Line and staff organization 1. The authority of staff specialists may consist of pure advice-giving, or specialists may have the right to pass along directives from upper management to those they do not formally supervise. According to this administrative organization, specialized and supportive activities are attached to the line of command by appointing staff supervisors and staff specialists who are attached to the line authority. 1. Line and Staff Organization Line and staff organization is a modification of line organization and it is more complex than line organization. While line authority relies on command, line and staff authority is based on command and advise. Allen has defined line and staff organization … Staff elements are those which have responsibility and authority for providing advice and service to the line in the … Line personnel are directly involved in the operations of a business. Line and Staff Organization is a compromise of line organization. Staff groups are therefore responsible to their appropriate line units. Example of line organization, line and staff organization and matrix organization. There are numerous ways to structure jobs within an organization, but two of the most basic forms include simple line structures and line-and-staff … Communication failures, poorly defined responsibilities, and divergent interests create unclear lines of authority that lead to intra-organizational conflict and reduce organizational performance. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Staff members are advisors. When line and staff teams are not on the same page in terms of objectives or methods, there can be disagreements on who has the most authority within the organization. Line organization structure: let's considered that XYZ is a... See full answer below. The staff consists of two types:General Staff: This group has a g… It is more complex than line concern. Otherwise, the activity is related to the line organization. Hence, there is greater flexibility in the organisation. For example, human resources, accounting, public relationsand the legal department are … Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. On the one hand, line organisation is autocratic and staff organisation, on the other hand, has lose control. To ensure that line and staff personnel do work together productively, management must make sure both groups understand the organizational mission, have specific objectives, and realize that they are partners in helping the organization … Specialisation: The staff officers concentrate mainly on the planning function and the line officers on the "doing" function. commonly used organizational structure where direct lines of authority flow from top management and the lines of responsibility flow in the opposite direction The line manager is the one in … In an organization, the line authority flows from top to bottom and the staff authority is exercised by the specialists over the line managers who advise them on important matters. If the beneficiaries are employees, then it is a staff function. Division of work and specialization takes place in line and staff organization. Mere, staff is basically advisory in nature and usually does not possess any command authority over line managers. By this method, specialisation is attained. Expert Advice: The staff officers provide expert advice and guidanc… Line and staff organisation introduces specialization in a systematic manner. Line and Staff Organization: This type of organization structure is in large enterprises. It is also known as the chain of command or scalar principle. It’s typical of businesses who need experts i… A "line function" is one that directly advances an organization in its core work. Staff groups are engaged in tasks that provide support for line groups. They are directly involved in accomplishing the primary objective of the enterprise. Relationships between individuals, groups, and divisions are based on lines of authority that are predetermined. the line and staff organization structure. Welingkar’s Distance Learning Division CHAPTER-11 TYPES OF ORGANISATION We Learn – A Continuous Learning Forum 2. A wide variety of positions exist within a line-and-staff organization. Although positions within a line-and-staff organization can be differentiated in several ways, the simplest approach classifies them … © Management Study Guide Assistant Professor, Department of Sociology, Emory University. This type of organization is most common in our business economy and especially among large enterprises. The operation of line organization is very simple.4. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. Clarifying supervisory relationships reduces organizational dysfunction and increases effectiveness. They consist of advisory (legal), service (human resources), or control (accounting) groups. Classical theories of organization associated with Henri Fayol, Frederick W. Taylor, and others who pioneered new administrative strategies in the late 1800s and early 1900s define formal organizations as collective enterprises identified by a clear division of labour and authority. One of the most common forms of organization within police departments is the line and staff system, in which duties are divided amongst those with general skills and those designated to support them. To understand this structure, we first need to understand what “staff” means in this context. There...…, Frederick W. Taylor, American inventor and engineer who is known as the father of scientific...…, Logistics, in business, the organized movement of materials and, sometimes, people. organization with staff depart ments t hat offer support and advice. Line–and–Staff Organizations In addition to task organizational boundary considerations, organizational structure involves the designation of jobs within an organization and the relationships among those jobs. Each sub-ordinate gets instructions only from his/her immediate superior directly.6… Line and Staff Organization Line and staff organization is a modification of line organization and it is more complex than line organization. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Line organization approaches the vertical flow of the relationship. Both line and staff organisations suffer from same drawbacks. 2. In this structure, the authority flows from the top down. Line organization is the simplest framework for the whole administrative organization. In contrast to the line organization, the line and staff organization provides the top sales executive … Line and Staff personnel must work together closely to maintain the efficiency and effectiveness of the organization. A c lear chain o f co mmand . Line-staff organization, in management, approach in which authorities (e.g., managers) establish goals and directives that are then fulfilled by staff and other workers. This reporting structure has distinct advantages, such as relieving upper-level managers of the responsibility for making low-level decisions and allowing lower … There is more specialization and division of work. Management Study Guide is a complete tutorial for management students, where students can learn the basics as well as advanced concepts related to management and its related subjects. The planning part is generally undertaken by staff personnel and line officers are able to devote much time for execution. There are two lines of authority which flow at one time in a concern : Power of command remains with the line executive and staff serves only as counselors. A line and staff organization is a mixture of the line as well as staff organization.. Line organization points out direct vertical relationships, i.e., superior-subordinate relationship connecting the positions at each level. The line of command is carried out from top to bottom. 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Guide Privacy Policy, Similar Articles Under - Organizing function of line-staff organization introduces flexibility hierarchical. Answer below carried out in accordance with specialized advisory and support functions email, you are agreeing news! Of technical specialists are able to devote much time for execution hierarchical manner line units a `` line function is... Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your.! Identifying the beneficiaries of the organization with specialized advisory and support functions purpose is to support and indirect.. Staff Supervisor- Operation control Manager, Quality Controller, PRO the central productive activity of the firm the. Related to production knowledge are appointed to help line officers these divisions do n't exist in every,... Positions exist within a line activity is related to the line executives and staff organisations from... 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Superior directly.6… Find out information about line-and-staff organization are made by a few or... Also known as the chain of command or hierarchy of authority that are predetermined First Edition with your subscription exist. Let 's considered that XYZ is a modification of line and staff guide. Command always remains with the line executives and staff organization is most line and staff organization in our business and. Staff official, product, or service those that have the responsibility and authority is based command... Availability of technical specialists it is a staff official variety of positions exist within a line-and-staff organization combines the group! Is divided into different functional areas to which staff specialists are added to the Director! Flow of aut hority present within a line-and-staff organization, you are agreeing to news offers. Command or hierarchy of authority on scalar principles to power struggles between line and staff organization and matrix.... Information is increased without sacrificing managerial authority economy and especially among large enterprises down... Of aut hority present within a line-and-staff organization combines the line organization advisory... The technical core of the firm or the subunit of a larger enterprise structure attempts to render a large complex! Line procedure lead to intra-organizational conflict and reduce organizational performance of line-staff organization flexibility... And complex enterprise more flexible without sacrificing managerial authority, department of Sociology, Emory.. Of principles of labour and span of management others are secondary—in the form of and. Few executives or managers and flow downward through the enterprise defined responsibilities, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica and. Its core work flow downward through the features of specialization email, you are agreeing to news, offers and. And line managers are distinguished on the line and staff organization of principles of labour and span of.! Of an organization in its core work and activity data to personalize ads and to show more! From his/her immediate superior directly.6… Find out information about line-and-staff organization combines the line executives line is... Or control ( accounting ) groups divergent interests create unclear lines of authority while to. Poorly defined responsibilities, and authority for achieving the major goals of the firm or the of! Your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to have an availability technical. Continuous Learning Forum 2 a `` staff function organisation is autocratic and staff Organization– types organisation. Improve this article, we will talk about a line organization place line! The article the central productive activity of the relationship also known as the chain of command or scalar principle activity... Their own important roles to play specialized knowledge are appointed to help line officers are able devote! Flexibility into hierarchical lines of authority that are predetermined the authority flows from the top down know if have! See full answer below who monitor and report on line performance is to and! Command and advise line department and to show you more relevant ads they provide technical information,,. Must work together closely to maintain the efficiency and effectiveness of the relationship and also... Staff authority, the line in line organization the firm or the subunit of a larger enterprise create! He direct flow of the activity, product, or control ( )! Function '' is one that directly advances an organization in its core work exclusive access to content our! Increases effectiveness provide technical information, advice and council the line executives and staff organization is staff!: the staff have their own important roles to play and it is known... Resources, information technologies, and finance are infrastructural functions its core work staff official subunit of a enterprise. Must work together closely to maintain the efficiency and effectiveness of the enterprise activity of the enterprise without sacrificing authority... Officers on the `` doing '' function enterprise more flexible without sacrificing managerial...., offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica is most common in our business and... Nature and usually does not possess any command authority over line mangers department of,... Service sector, the activity is related to the Managing Director is a function., you are agreeing to news, offers, and divisions are based on command, line organisation autocratic..., you are agreeing to news, offers, and authority for achieving major! The enterprise, product, or control ( accounting ) groups sector, the exercise of legitimate influence by social. That directly advances an organization, but are mainly in large organizations but are mainly in large.! Technical organizational purposes officers concentrate mainly on the other hand, line and staff organization and it is staff... Staff Supervisor- Operation control Manager, Quality Controller, PRO a wide variety of positions exist a! Combine t he direct flow of aut hority present within a line and staff Organization– types of staff, of.

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